General Technical References

Roper, C. A Review of Human Powered Flight to 1990 (Available online on this site and to download as a pdf - see the downloads page.)

Sherwin, K. 'Man Powered Flight' (Argus Books. 1975) (Available to download as a pdf - see the downloads page.)

Whitt, F.R. & Wilson, D.G. Bicycle Science (Cambridge: MIT Press, Second edition 1982)

Third International Human Powered Vehicle Scientific Symposium. Vancouver 28/29 August 1986. (Proceedings published by the IHPVA.

RAeS Human Powered Aircraft Group 

Man-powered Aircraft Group Symposium at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 10th February 1975.

The Second Man Powered Aircraft Group Symposium at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 7th February 1977.

"Man-Powered Flight the Channel Crossing and the Future." Proceedings of the Third Man-powered Aircraft Group Symposium at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 6th February 1979.

"Man powered flight technology and flapping wing pterodactyl project and the presentation of the Kremer trophy." Symposium at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London 16th December 1986.

Mr Stephen Finberg MIT Monarch B Energy Storage
Dr Keith Sherwin Vive L'aviette
Mr Peer Frank HPA - Design & Flight Reports
Mr John Langford Human Powered Flight
Mr Steven Bussolari Man Powered Flight Technology
Mr Bryan Sullivan Flight Control Systems for Daedalus
Dr Paul MacCready QN (Quetzalcoatlus Northropi) Pterodactyl Project

"Human Powered Aircraft The Way Ahead." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 24th January 1989

Drela, M., The Successful Daedalus Project
Evans, A.D.B., The Human Powerplant
Frank, P., The Design and Flight Trials of Velair
Lilley, G.M., Human Powered Aircraft, The State of The Art including the near Kremer Competitions
McIntyre, J., Constructing a Human Powered Aircraft with Composite Materials

"Technologies for Human Powered Flight." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 30th January 1991

Frank, P. Test Results with the Human Powered Aircraft Velair.
McIntyre, J. Design and Flight Testing of the Airglow HPA.
Wray, A.P., Human Powered Aircraft Developments at Loughborough University of Technology

"Progress in Human Powered Aircraft Research and Achievement." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, Thursday 21 January 1993

Dorrington, G.E., Development of a Human Powered Dirigible
Lilley, G.M., The Human Powered Seaplane
McIntyre, J., Flight Testing the Airglow Human Powered Aircraft
Wimpenny, J., McIntyre, J., Sporting Aeroplanes

"Human Powered Aircraft for Sport." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half day conference at the Royal Aeronautical Society, London, Thursday 25 January 1996

Bliesner, W.B., Pushing the Limits: Marathon Eagle from Conception to Flight Test
Frank, P., Human Powered Aircraft for Sport - Present and Future
Weston, N., Some Preliminary Results from a Program of Flight Research with a Low Reynolds Number Aircraft,
Wimpenny, J., Airworthiness of Human Powered Aircraft for Sport in Near Ground Turbulence

Human Powered Flight, New Challenges, RAeS HPFG conference 2010

David Barford, Betterfly, a 33 Year Old Dream

John McIntyre, The Two Remaining Unchallenged Kremer Prizes of £100,000 and £50,000

Dr Bill Brooks, Human Powered Aircraft at Altitude

Prof Jonathan Morrison, Novel Drag Reduction Techniques for Low Reynolds Number Flight

Frederick To, Inflatable Structures and their Application to Human Powered Aircraft

Dr Sally Divall, Building a Human Powered Plane in School

Prof Ray Palmer, Aslam, a Human Powered Aircraft by the Students of Nanyang Technological University

Human Powered Aircraft Group Lectures

Dr J.M.V. Rayner, 'Form and Function in Animal Flight'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, February 6th, 1990 

Kouichi Nakamura, 'The Mitsubachi Human Powered Helicopter'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 16th, 1992 

Prof G M Lilley, and Dr A E Holdo, 'Human Powered Flight off Water'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 18th, 1994

Toshinari Nomura, 'Flight Testing of "Mowe" Human Powered Aircraft and Analysis of the Data from the Data Logging System'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 22nd, 1998

Peer Frank, 'High Altitude Aircraft and Other Spin-Offs from Human Powered Flight'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 28th, 1999

Ron Moulton. 'The Challenge of Human Powered Flight'. The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 27th, 2000

Paul MacCready, 'From Human Power to `Eternal' Flight with Helios', The Royal Aeronautical Society, February 19th, 2002 (illness prevented paul's attendance so Ron Moulton gave the lecture.)

Aerofoil Design for Human-powered Aircraft

Althaus, D. Profilpolaren fur den Modellflug. Necker Verlag, VS-Villingen NV.

Drela, Mark, "Low Reynolds Number Airfoil Design for the MIT Daedalus Prototype: A Case Study", AIAA Journal of Aircraft., Volume 25, Number 8, August 1988.

Wortman, F.X. Airfoil Design for Man-powered Aircraft. The Second Man Powered Group Symposium at the Royal Aeronautical Society London 1977.

Aerodynamics at Low Reynolds Numbers 104 < Re < 106. Royal Aeronautical Society, London, Conference Proceedings 15th-18th November 1986.


Adkins, C.N. and Liebeck, R.H. Design of optimum propellers. AIAA Paper 83-0190, January 1983.

Albert Betz, with an appendix by Ludwig Prandtl. 'Airscrews with Minimum Energy Loss', Goettingen reports 1919.

Herman Glauert, in Durand's 'Aerodynamic Theory' Volume IV, Section L, 1934.

Sidney Goldstein, 'On the Vortex Theory of Screw Propellers', proceedings of the Royal Society 1929

Larrabee, E.E. Five Years Experience with Minimum Induced Loss Propellers. SAE Technical Papers #840026 and #840027, February 1984.

Larrabee, Eugene with Susan French, Propeller Design and Analysis for Pedal Driven and other Odd Aircraft, Technical Soaring volume VII, number 2, 1981, page 49

E. E. Larrabee, 'Design of Propellers for Motorsoarers', 'Science and Technology of Low Speed and Motorless Flight', NASA Conference Publication 2085, Part 1, (1979) 285-303.

E. Eugene Larrabee and Susan E. French, Minimum Induced Loss Windmills and Propellers. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 15 (1983) 317-327 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam - Printed in The Netherlands

E. Eugene Larrabee. 'The Screw Propeller'. Scientific American. Vol 243, No. 1, July 1980.

Larrabee, E.E., The Daedalus Propeller: A Modern Application of Classical Propeller Theory, Fall 1988.

The Daedalus Project

General and Descriptive

Dorsey, Gary, A Fullness of Wings, Viking Press, spring, 1990.

Langford, J.S., "Technology Recreates a Legend", Technology Review, October 1988.

Langford, J.S., "The Triumph of Daedalus", National Geographic, August 1988.

McIntyre, J., "Mans Greatest Flight", Aeromodeller, August, 1988.

Technical References

Bussolari, S.R., Langford, J.S., and Youngren, H.H. Flight research with the MIT Daedalus prototype, SAE Paper #871350, June 1987.

Bussolari, Steven R., and Nadal, Ethan R. The Physiological Limits of Long Duration Human power Production, Human Power, in press, 1989.

Cruz, Juan R., Weight analysis of the Daedalus Human-powered Aircraft, Proceedings of the 21st OSTIV Conference, Wiener Neustadt, Austria, Spring, 1989.

Cruz, Juan R., and Drela, Mark, Structural Design Considerations and Load Determination for Human-powered Aircraft, Proceedings of the 21st OSTIV Conference, Wiener Neustadt, Austria, Spring, 1989.

Drela, Mark, "Low Reynolds Number Airfoil Design for the MIT Daedalus Prototype: A Case Study", AIAA Journal of Aircraft., Volume 25, Number 8, August 1988.

Drela, Mark, Method for Simultaneous Wing Aerodynamic and Structural Load Prediction, AIAA-89-2166, presented at 1989 AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference, Seattle, 1989.

Drela, M. "Aerodynamics of Human-powered Aircraft", Annual Reviews of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 22, 1990.

Finberg, S.R. and R.B. Sullivan, The Implementation of a Flight Control System in the Daedalus Human-powered Aircraft, Royal Aeronautical Society Symposium on Human-powered Flight, December 1986.

Langford, J. / Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation: The Daedalus Project: A Summary of Lessons Learned. AIAA-89-2048, Presented at the AIAA Aircraft Design, Systems and Operations Conference. Seattle August 1989.

Langford, et al, The Feasibility of A Human-powered Flight Between Crete and the Mainland of Greece, MIT Department of Aeronautics, National Air & Space Museum, April 1986.

Larrabee, E.E. The Daedalus Propeller: A Modern Application of Classical Propeller Theory, Fall 1988.

Nadel, E.R., and Bussolari, S.R., "The Daedalus Project: Physiological Problems and Solutions, American Scientist, July-August 1988.

Shalon, T., J.S. Langford, and R.W. Parks, Design and Sizing of the MIT Daedalus Prototype, AIAA 87-2907, August 1987.

Sullivan, R. Bryan, and Clancy, Tom, Power Measurements on the Daedalus Human-powered Aircraft, AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference Paper, August 1989.

Sullivan, R. Bryan, and Findberg, Steven L., The Flight Control System for the Daedalus Human-powered Aircraft, AIAA Guidance and Control Conference Paper, August 1989.

Sullivan, R.B., snd Zerweckh, S.H., Flight Test Results for the Daedalus and Light Eagle Human-powered Aircraft, NASA Grant Report, October 1988.

Zerweckh, Siegfried H. Comparison of Theoretical Results on Structural Dynamics with Flight Test Data Obtained from the Light Eagle and Daedalus Human-powered Aircraft, Diploma Thesis Publication at the University of Stuttgart, West Germany,1988.

Zerweckh, S.H., von Flowto, A.H., and Murray, J.E. Flight testing of a Highly Flexible Aircraft: Case Study on the MIT Light Eagle, AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference, Paper 88-4375CP. August 1988.

Gossamer Condor and Albatross


Grosser, Morton. Gossamer Odyssey (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1981)

Moulton, R., Coweley, M. and Lloyd, P. The Gossamer Albatross. Aeromodeller. September 1979.

Technical references

Burke, J.D. The Gossamer Condor and Albatross: A Case Study In Aircraft Design.Aerovironment Inc. Report AV-R80/S40, June 1980. (Also AIAA Professional Study Series.)

Jex, H.R., and Mitchell, D.C. Stability and Control of the Gossamer Human-powered Aircraft by Analysis and Flight Test. NASA CR-1627, November 1982.

Lissiman, P.B.S., Jex, H.R., and MacCready, P.B. "Aerodynamics of Flight at Speeds Under 5m/s", Man-Powered Flight the Channel Crossing and the Future. (London: The Royal Aeronautical Society, February 1979.)

MacCready, P.B. et al. Gossamer Condor Plans (Aerovironment inc., 1978.)

MacCready, P.B., Jr. : Flight on 0.33 horsepower: The Gossamer Condor. AIAA paper 78-308. AIAA 14th Annual meeting, Washington D.C., February 7-9, 1980.

Kremer Speed Competition Aircraft

Cowley, M.B. and Morgan, R.W. Aerovironment Inc., Simi Valley, C.A., Dr. P.B. MacCready, Aerovironment Inc. Monravia C.A. (1985) Bionic Bat, Human-powered speed aircraft. AIAA paper 85-1447. July 1985.

Langford, J. A Human-powered Speed Aircraft Using Electrical Energy Storage, S.M. Thesis submitted to MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, December 1984.

Langford, J. and M. Drela: The MIT Monarch B. The Journal of Human Power. October 1984.

Schorberl, E. The Muculair 1 & 2 Human-powered Aircraft and their Optimisation. The Technical Journal of the IHPVA. Vol.5. No.2 (1986)

Juan Cruz, Mark Drela and John S. Langford The MIT Monarch and the Kremer World Speed Competition Technical Soaring, volume IX, number 1, 1985, page 1

Kremer Marathon Competition Aircraft

Bliesner, Wayne. The Design and Construction Details of the Marathon Eagle. "Technology for Human Powered Aircraft." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 30 January 1991.


A. D. Cranfield, Pedaling Towards a Vertical Take-off. Chartered Mechanical Engineer (I. Mech. E.), London, UK, Sep.1987.

Kouichi Nakamura, 'The Mitsubachi Human Powered Helicopter'.
The Royal Aeronautical Society, January 16, 1992 

Wm. B. Patterson, 'Design process of a Human Powered Helicopter'. In: 1994 International Human Powered Flight Symposium. Organised by the Pacific Northwest Section of the AIAA and the Museum of Flight.

L. Scott and N. Saiki, Aerodynamic Design of the Cal Poly Da Vinci Human Powered Helicopter. Amer.Helic.Soc. Vertical-Lift Aircraft Design Con., San Francisco,CA Jan.1990.

Akira Naito, 'Unknown problems in human-powered helicopter'. In: 1994 International Human Powered Flight Symposium. Organised by the Pacific Northwest Section of the AIAA and the Museum of Flight.

Other Aircraft

1994 International Human Powered Flight Symposium. Organised by the Pacific Northwest Section of the AIAA and the Museum of Flight. Copies are available from the Pacific Northwest Section, c/o Martin N. Gibbins, 5714 138th Pl. SE, Bellevue, WA 98006,USA. The price, including air postage, is $8 within the United States or $14 outside the United States. (1994 prices.)

Bliesner, Wayne. Human Powered Airplane. Status Report of the Flight Research Institute, 1987-88. (Museum of Flight, Flight Research Institute, 9404E. Marginal Way South, Seattle, Washington 98108.)

Bliesner, Wayne. Pedal Powered Airplane. Status Report of the Flight Research Institute, 1992. (Museum of Flight, Flight Research Institute, 9404E. Marginal Way South, Seattle, Washington 98108.)

Frank, P. The Design and Flight Trials of Velair. "Human Powered Aircraft - The Way Ahead." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, January 1989.

Frank, P. Flight Testing Velair. "Technology for Human Powered Aircraft." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 30 January 1991.

Frank, P. Flight Velair Menschenkraftflugzeug. Schnieder von Ulm Wettbewerb 1990. (unpublished)

Frank, P. Fliegen mit 225 Watt Muskelkraftflugzeuge und Anwendunggen. (unpublished)

Frank, P. Phd. thesis on Human powered and high altitude aircraft.

Langford, J. New Aircraft Platforms for Earth System Science: An Opportunity for the 1990's. 17th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. September 9-14, 1990 / Stockholm, Sweden. ICAS-905.8.1

McIntyre, J. Constructing a Human-Powered Aircraft with Composite Materials. "Human Powered Aircraft - The Way Ahead." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 24th January 1989.

McIntyre, J. Design and Flight Testing of the Airglow HPA. "Technology for Human Powered Aircraft." Proceedings of the Human-powered Aircraft Group Half Day Conference. The Royal Aeronautical Society, London, 30th January 1991.

Palmer, R.S.J. and Sherwin, K. Man-powered Flight in South East Asia. Aerospace, March 1986.

To, F.E. "Phoenix" Aerospace, June 1985.

To, F.E. "Phoenix" - A Polyester-Film Inflatable Man-Powered Aircraft'. SAE technical paper series, 840028. International congress and exposition Detroit, Michigan. February 27th - March 2nd 1984

Weston, N. Some Preliminary Results from a Program of Flight Research with a Low Reynolds Number Aircraft,. The Royal Aeronautical Society Symposium on Human-Powered Flight,. January 1996.

Computer programs for HPA design

Kroo, Ilan. Programs for Aerodynamic Design and Analysis on the Apple Macintosh, Desktop Aeronautics, 1986.

Tsai, Steven. W., Composites Design. P.O.B. Think Composites, P.O. Box 581, Dayton, OH 4519-0581. USA.Computer programs to accompany the book available for IBM P.C. and Apple Macintosh.

Historical human powered aircraft references

Someone, Beverly Shenstone had the RAE library do a literature search on Human Powered flight in 1961. This was the result.

Most recent means of rapid transport. Der Stein der Weisen Vol.3. (No date given.)

K. Buttenstedt., On the solution of the problem of flight. Der Stein der Weisen Vol. 10. (No date given.)

K. Steffen., A wind flying machine. Der Stein der Weisen Vol.23. (No date given.)

A. Penaud Can man fly without an auxiliary motor? L'Aeronaute 4 No.6, June, 1871, p.39-45.

Cradock., The power possessed by man in relation to aeronautics. In Annual Reports of the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain, 1878.

Moore., Report on experiments to ascertain the power necessary for flight. Aeronautical Journal 1 No.4, p.2, 1897.

Marshall., Mechanical flight. Aeronautical Journal 2 No.79, p.51, 1898.

The Nemethy flying wheel. Illus. Zeitung Leipzig No.3023, 6th June, 1901.

H. Hoernes Engines, section 2. The Animal Engine. Moedebeck's Handbook for flight technicians and airship engineers, p.400, Berlin. 1904 2nd edition Verlag M. Krayn.

F.M. Feldhaus., Air trips then and now. Verlag Herm. Paetel, Berlin.

Moore., Experiments with flapping wings. Aeronautical Journal 13 p.19, 1909.

P. Orlovskii., Is aerial flight solely by man's muscular exertion possible? Bibl. Vozdukhoplav. No.1, 1909, p.44-46.

E. Rumpler., The flying machine p.190-193. Vlgsanst Braunbeck and Gutenberg Druckerei A.G.

L. Palons., Looking back on the first flight tests with an aeroplane. Die Luftlotte No. 8, year 1, May, 1909.

Winged aeroplanes by J. Bourcart, Colmar. Flugsport No. 24, year 1, 19th, November, 1909.

H. La V. Twining., Can a man fly with wings? Aeronautics 7 No.1, July, 1910 (N.Y.) p.2-4, No.2 (August, 1910) p.39-41, 8 No.6 (June, 1911) p.189-190 illustrated.

The oldest description of a flying man. Deutsche Zeitschr. Luftsch 15 No.1, (11th January, 1911) Berlin. p.24, 28. illustrated.

J. Carr., Man flight. Flight No.118 3 No.13, 1st April, 1911, p.301

Moedebeck et al., Moedebeck's Handbook for flight technicians and airship engineers. p.578 ff. Berlin 1911 Verlag M. Krayn.

E.V. Nemethy., The final solution of the problem of flight. Arad 1911. Published by the author.

Puiseux., Foot driven monoplane. Flugsport No.2, year 3, 18th January, 1911.

J. Hofman., The winged bicycle. Prometheus, Vo1.23, 1912, p.721.

The Peugeot prize of 10,000 francs. Flugsport No.5, year 4, 28th February, 1912.

Peugeot prize. L'Aerophile, Paris. 15th February, 1912, p.93.

Flight by man power. Aero 6 No. 108 March, 1912, p.63.

Peugeot prize. L'Aerophile, Paris. 1st May, 1912, p.194

Peugeot prize. Regulations and conditions. How is the prize to be won? Some applicants and their apparatus. L'Aerophile, 1st May, 1912, p.194. L'Aerophile, 15th July, 1912, p.322.

The Peugeot prize. L'Aerophile, Paris. 15th May, 1912, p.231.

Arm actuated wing., Aero 6 No.111, June, 1912, p.183.

The competition for non powered (aircraft). Automobilwelt-Flugwelt Berlin 2nd June, 1912.

Engineless flying machines and the first flight with a bicycle. Flugsport No.12, year 4, 5th June, 1912.

A German engineless (flying machine). Automobilwelt-Flugwelt, Berlin, 19th June, 1912.

The first 'Aviette' competition. Revue Aerienne year 5, No.88 10th June, 1912.

Muscle as a motive power in flight. Scient. Amer. 106 No.22, 1st June, 1912. New York, p.506.

Poulain wins the Peugeot prize. L'Aerophile. 15th July, 1912, p.383.

Flight by means of human power. Die Luftlotte No.8, August, 1912.

The failure of the 'Aviettes' Scientific American. 1st September, 1912.

F.G. Benedict, L.P. Cathcart., Muscular work, a metabolic study with special reference to the efficiency of the human machine. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication No. 187.

P, James, Le Prix Dubos pur les aviettes a ailes battantes (bicycles propelled by beating wings). L'Aerophile, 1st March, 1913, p.104, 105 illustrated.

L. Didier Wins Peugeot prize by human flight. Aero and Hydro 5 No.16, 18th January, 1913, Chicago, p.287 illustrated.

Peugeot prize and consolation prize Dubos. 'Motor' Berlin, January, 1913.

P. James., How to coin the Berhard J. Dubos prize for Aviettes with flapping wings. L'Aerophile, Paris. 1st March, 1913.

New Peugeot prize for flight with an Aviette. L'Aerophile, 1st June, 1913, p.253.

The Peugeot prize for engineless aircraft. Automobil-Flug welt, Berlin, 25th June, 1913

The flying motor-cycle. Luftpost, Berlin. 1,19. (No more details given.)

F. Reichel., Man will fly by his own power. L'Avenir, Paris. 27th August, 1919.

A flying motor-cycle. 'Motor', Berlin. May/June, 1919.

The flying motor-cycle, a layman's fantasy. Flugsport No.12, 11th June, 1919.

New experiments by G. Poulain. L'Aeronautique, Paris. 26th October, 1919.

An aircraft driven by human power. Flugsport No.24, Vol.11, 26th November, 1919.

The Poulain Aviette. Aeronautics, London. 13th November, 1919.

The construction and design of 'Aviettes'. Aerial age, New York. 1920.

C. Oppenheimer., Man as a power machine. Verlag George Thieme. Leipzig. 1920.

Propeller drive for bicycles. Automobilwelt/Flugwelt, Berlin. 4th January, 1920.

An altitude prize for the bicycle aircraft (Aviette). L'Avenir, 4th June, 9th January, 1920.

Competition for engineless aircraft in France. Flugsport No.2 Vo1.12, 21st January, 1920.

L. de Monge., Flight calculation for an aircraft driven by man power. L'Air. Paris. February, 1920. also Aircraft engineering, April, 1920.

Aviette? Flugsport No. 11 26th May, 1920.

Conditions for the Peugeot prize of 10,000 fr. L'Aerophile, Paris. Nos.11-12, 1-15th June, 1920.

On the flying bicycle 'Aviette'. Flugsport No.14, 7th July, 1920.

Conditions for the Peugeot prize of 10,000 fr. Flugsport Nos.16/17 Vol.12, 11th August, 1920.

M. Flack., The human machine in relation to flying. Aeronautics 19 No.369, 11th November, 1920, London, p.342-345. Aeron. Journal 24 No.120 December, 1920, London, p.650-663.

The beginnings and future of aviation. L'Air, Paris. 1921.

Flying bicycle. La Suisse Aerienne No.13, 1921, p.187.

L. Prandtl., Problems of engineless human flight and of winged flight. Luftfahrt 25 May, 1921.

A new Icarus. National-Zeitung, (Basel). 28th June, 1921.

'L'Aviette' invented by Gabriel Poulain, the flying wheel moved by human power. L'Aerophile, 1-15th June, 1921, p.179.

Poulain flies. Aeronautics, London. 30th June, 1921.

G. Poulain., Poulain's air bicycle. Aeronautics 21 No.404, 14th July, 1921, p.30.

Emmanuel Aime and Rob. Saladin. The human muscle has conquered the air! L'Auto, Paris. 10th July, 1921.

Man power flight. Aero Fng Suppl. The Aeroplane 21 No.3, 20th July, 1921, p.56.

Poulain wins the Peugeot prize on the 9th July, 1921. L'Aerophile, 1-15th July, 1921, p.194.

R. Saladin, G. Poulain wins the Peugeot prize. L'Air, Paris. 20th July, 1921.

G. Abrial de Pega., Has the 'Aviette' a future? L'Aeronautique, August, 1921.

An engineless aircraft. Der Luftweg, 25th August, 1921.

New progress of the 'flying bicycle'. 'Automobiliielt-Flugwelt', Berlin. 14th August, 1921.

The Poulain Aviette. Flugsport No.17, 17th August, 1921.

R. Waschman., The problem of flight with man power. Luftfahrt forschung 24 No.9, 2nd September, p.133-135.

A new prize for Aviettes. Le Temps, Paris. 29th December, 1921.

G. Poulain., My next Aviette. L'Air, Paris. 1922.

The Maggiore Zanotti Velo Aviette. Flugsport No.4, 1922.

Pedal appliances for the Abbins Aviette. Flugsport No.12, 1922.

New Peugeot Aviette prize. 20,000 francs for a flight on a machine driven by human power. Advertisement Flight, January, 1922, p.41.

The League for Aeronautics offers three prizes for the year 1922 for flights with the Aviette apparatus which is driven solely by human power. L'Aerophile, 1-15th April, 1922, p.127.

J. Amar., The human motor. Paris.

R. von Mises., Segelflug and Aehnlichkeitsgesetzo Gliding flight and law of similarity. Z.angew. Math Mech 1923 3 p.64-67, p.166.

The problem of the Aviette. An ornithopter will soon be tested. Les Ailes, Paris. 28th June, 1923.

The Gebhardt 'Cycleplane'. Propelled with foot drive, constructed by W.F. Gebhardt and E.L. Pratt. Test flights in Dayton, Ohio, U.S.A. Flight, February, 1924, p.107.

O. Luders., On the flying wheel of the future. 'Luft-Kraft fahrt', Berlin. February, 1924.

A Swiss Avionette in 1916. Les Ailes, Paris. 8th May, 1924.

Brunner., The flying bicycle. Das Sportblatt, Berlin. 4th November, 1924.

Y. Henderson, H.W. Haggard., The maximum of human power and its fuel. Amer. Journal Physiology 72, p.264-282, tables, ref.

A pedal aircraft? Automobiliwelt-flugwelt, Berlin. 12th April, 1925.

A. Lippisch., Theory of flapping flight. Flugsport, 17th June, 1925, also NACA Tech Memo 334.

R.M. Sargent., The relation between oxygen consumption and speed in running. Proc. Roy. Soc.B 100, 10-22, 1926.

J. Benda., Aircraft of the future. Fluguesen, Prague. February, 1926.

W.V. Langdorff., Aircraft having cross-wise movable coupled wing surfaces. Munchener Neueste Nachr. 2nd May, 1926.

A.V. Hill., Muscular movement in man. Cornell U.P. 1927.

C.H. Best, R. Partridge., The equation of motion of a runner exerting maximal effort. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 103, p.219-225

S. Dickinson., The dynamics of bicycle pedalling. Proc. Roy Soc. B 103, p.225-233.

W.O. Fenn., Mechanical energy expenditure in sprint running as measured by motion pictures. Amer. Journal Physiology{;y 90, p.343.

W. Hartree, A.V. Hill., The factors determining the maximum work and the mechanical efficiency of muscle. Proc. Roy. Soc. 103, p.225-51, diags. figs. ref.

A new flying machine, the invention of Captain Dibowsky. 'Tremonia', Dortmund. 15th January, 1928.

J. Nitschke., The latest on the flying motor-cycle. Wissen and Fortschritt, Vo1.2, January, 1928.

F.M. Feldhans., 'The Flyers' van Goya. Ikarus, Berlin. April, 1928.

G. Sautier., Can man fly by his own power? Illustr. Technik f. Jedermann, May, 1928.

W. Kruse., Is the flapping wing aircraft on its way? Westf. Landesztg, Munster, W. 2nd October, 1928.

W.O. Fenn., Frictional and kinetic effects in the work of sprint running. Amer. Journal Physiology 92, p.583-611.

F.V. Lindner., On the dynamics of winged flight. Flugwesen, Prague. Nos.9/10, Vol.9, 1929.

H. Gertz., The working power in the 100 metres race. Skand. Arch. Physiol. 55, 131-143, 1929.

Inventor plans to fly with bicycle airplane. Popular Aviation No.2, 1930.

W.O. Fenn., Work against gravity and work due to velocity changes in running Amer. Journal Physiology 93, p.433-62, 1930.

C.V. Klinkowstroem., Winged flyers. Munchener Neueste Nachr. 19th January, 1930.

D.B. Dill, H.T. Edwards, J.H. Talbot., Studies in muscular activity,

R.C. Garry, G.M. Mishart., Efficiency of bicycle pedalling. Journal of Physiology 72, p.425-437, 1931.

R. Giacomelli., Flight in nature and science. (Insect, animal and mechanical flight.) J.R. Aero. Soc. 36 No.259, p.578-597.

R. Chiappulini., Flight with the lowest power as an aid to flight by human muscles. L'Aerotechica 19 Fasc.29 1939.

Man as a bird. Munchener Illustr. Presse No.16, 17th April, 1932.

O. Ursinus., Wenn man ein Muskelflieg baut (if man builds a muscle powered aircraft). Flugsport 25 p.308-311, 1933.

Flying man. New bird flight experiments by two Viennese inventors. Die Stunde, Vienna. 12th May, 1932.

O.W. Gail., Flying by one's own power? Only a Utopian idea or is it more?

Bayerische Staatszeitung, Munich. 20th June, 1932.

W. Mertens., Human flight with muscular power. B. Z. am Mittag. 24th December, 1932.

R.E. Snodgrass., Animal flight. J.R. Aero Soc. 37 No. 266, February, 1933, p.113-144.

O. Beer., A week-end flight in a bicycle aircraft. Wissen and Fortschritt, Au sburg. No.3, Vol.7, March, 1933.

A. Nesemann., Human flight with muscle power. Flugsport No.11, 24th May, 1933, p.207.

R. Kronfeld., New possibilities of human flight. Flugsport No. 11, 24th May, 1933' p.210.

W. Mertens., The muscle powered aeroplane. Flugsport No.13, 21st June, 1933, p.267.

A. Lippisch., The airskiff: observations on human flight. Flugsport No.15, 19th July, 1933, p.311.

Competition of the Polytechnical Society at Frankfurt am Main for a flight by means of one's own muscle power. Flugsport No.15, 19th July, 1933, p.315

F.W. Ellyson., Paths to muscle powered flight. Flugsport No.15, 19th July, 1933, p.304; No.16 2nd August, 1933, p.346; No.18, 20th August, 1933, p.395.

Hutter., Flight by muscle power. Flugsport 110.149 5th July, 1933, p.284.

Can man fly with his own muscles? Les Ailes, Paris. 17th August, 1933, p.4.

O. Ursinus., When one builds a muscle powered aeroplane. Flugsport No.15, 19th July, 1933, p.308.

The Piskorsch., Rotating wing aeroplane. Flugsport No.18, 30th August, 1933, p.397.

A. Piskorsch., Rotating wing aeroplanes. Flugsport No.19, 13th September, 1933.

Results of observations on muscle flight. Les Ailes, Paris. 14th September, 1933, p.4.

E. Everling., Flight by human muscle power. Luftwissen, 15th February, 1 No.2, p.35-37 Air Min. Trans. No. 233.

First flight by muscle power. Deutsche, Luftwelt 2 No.9, September.

A. Piskorsch., Man powered flapping flight. Flugsport No.19, 19th September, p.243. No.22: 31st October, p.423. No.25: 12th December, p.552.

H. Haessler., On the feasibility of muscle powered flight. Flugsport No.1, 10th January, 1934, p.2.

H. Dominik., Wished-for dreams of humanity. Die Woche, Berlin. No.6, 10th February, 1934.

E. Everling., Human powered flight. Deutsche Luftwacht-Auggabe, Luftwissen, Berlin. 15th February, 1934, p.35.

H. Mascow., The problem of effortless human flight has been solved! Flugsport No.4, 21st February, 1934, p.77. No. 5, 7th March, 1934, p.101.

F. Thiersch., Muscle flight-winged flight. Munchener Neueste Nachrichten. 28th February, 1934.

H. Mascow., Views on the publication of H. Yascow. Flugsport No.5, 7th March, 1934, p.103.

Erasmus., The flying bicycle, visit to a designer of a winged aircraft. Berlin. Lock-Anz. 14th April, 1934.

Mobus., On the way to bird flight (Budig's experiments). Deutsche Allgemeine ZQ. Berlin. 12th April, 1934.

R. Christl., Dr. Martin Sultan's original solution of a flapping drive. Flugsport No.10, May, p.231.

The Schmid winged aircraft. Fluyrpost No.11, 30th May, 1934, p.229.

With the bicycle into the air. Zachkas' experiments. Badische Press, Karlsruhe. 14th June, 1934.

G. Schmeidler., On winged flights a lecture. Flugsport No.14, 11th July' 1934. p.302.

Competition of the Polytechnical Societ of Frankfurt am Main for a flight by own muscle power. Flugsport No.19, 19th September, 1934, p.427.

A. Piskorsch., Muscle powered aeroplane.?Flugsport No.19, 19th September, 1034, p.423: No.22, 31st October, 1934, p.485: No.25, 12th December, 1934, p.552.

J. Goedecker., 'Free coupling' DRPa. A new driving appliance for wings in winged aircraft. Flugsport No.25, 12th December, 1934, p.545.

Muscle flight. Flugsport No.25, 12th December, 1934.

Large number of German references to muscular powered ornithopters in 'Flugsport' (Frankfurt).

O. Ursinus., Thoughts on muscle power flight. Deutsche Luftwach, Luftwelt edition. Berlin. No. 4, Vo1.2, .1935.

G.P. Crowden., The effect of duration of work on the efficiency of muscular work in man. Journal of Physiology 80 1935, p.394-408.

A. Piskorsch., Man power flapping wing flight. Flugsport Nos.1 & 2, January, 1935.

A. Piskorsch., Sudden beating movement and principles of alternating current. Flugsport No.2, 23rd January, 1935, p.26.

H. Gropp., Aircraft propulsion by man power. Flugsport No. 3, 6th February, 1935.

H. Gropp., Thoughts and figures on an aircraft driven by muscle power.

Decailby., Can an aircraft take off by muscle power alone? Les Ailes, Paris. 21st March, 1935, p.5.

H. Mascow., Reply to criticism of my winged aircraft. Flugsport No.6, 20th March, 1935, p.141.

A. Piskorsch., Aeroplane with wings driven by muscle power. Flugsport No.1, 9th January, 1935, p.7. No.5, 6th March, 1935.

A. Piskorsch., Flight by muscular energy. Flugsport No. 5, 6th March, 1935.

M. Donadopi., On muscle flight. Le Vie dell'Aria, 27th April, 1935, p.5.

On muscle flight Le Vie dell'Aria, 3rd February, 1935, p.2. 7th April, 1935, p.3.

Dr. Martin-Sultan's man propelled aircraft. Flugsport No.8, 17th April, 1935.

M. Mineo., On muscle flight. Les Ailes, Paris. 11th April, 1935, p.4.

R. Christl., Dr. Martin-Sultan's original solution of a wing drive: a contribution. Flugsport No.10, 15th May, 1935, p.231.

French muscle flight competition is to take place at Paris. Power can be accumulated up to 15 minutes before take-off. Flugsport No. 13, 26th June, 1935, p.290.

R.S. Lacape., Animal flight. L'Aeron. No.194, July, 1935.

G. Gohlke., Is that the beginning of human flight? B.Z. am Mittag, Berlin. 31st August, 1935.

The bicycle of the air. Muscle flight - a new sport. Deutsche Berwerks, Zeittuzg. 1st September, 1935.

First controlled flight with human power Flugsport No.18, 4th September, 1935 p.95.

First flight by muscular power. Deutsche Luftwelt 2 No.9, September' 1935.

Flapping wing glider, another man powered aircraft, Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung, Berlin. 1st September.

Mobus., 2000 years of human flight. Deutsche Allgemeine Ztg, Berlin. 1st September, 1935.

Muscle flight - continue working on it! Flugsport No,19, 18th September, 1935, p.415.

A. Piskorsch., Aeroplanes with wings driven by muscle power. Der Deutsche Sportflieger, Leipzig. No.9, 29 September, 1935 and other continuations.

H. Rasskopff., First flight through human power. Deutsche Luftwacht Luftwelt ed. Berlin. No.9, Vol.2. September' 1935 further: human powered flights from 29th to 31st August, 1935.

R. Schulz., First flights with human power. Deutsche Luftwacht. Ausgabe, Luftwissen. 2 No.9, September, 1935.

The winged sailplane also a human powered aircraft. Deutsche Allgemeine Ztg. Berlin. 1st September, 1935.

Experimental and constructional groups for muscle flight, Flugsport No.22, 30th October' 1935, p.495.

Flying under one's own power. Die Luftreise, Berlin. October, 1935.

Human powered flight. Lecture by W. Schmeidler. Flugsport No,22, 30th October, 1935, p.506.

U. Hatter., Muscle powered flight once again.

Muscle flight-division of labour. Flugsport No. 20, 2nd October, 1935, p.434.

Muscle flight with a 4 h.p. Experiments of Karl Lange of Munich. Berl. Borsen-Ztg. 3rd October, 1935.

Muscular flight. Flugsport 27 No.21, 16th October, 1935.

W. Schmeidler., Flapping flight by manpower. Flugsport port 27 No. 22, 30th October, 1935, p.506-507.

K. Seyboth., The first flight under ones own power. Der Deutsche Sportflieger, Leipzig. No.10, Vo1.2, October, 1935.

O. Steinitz., From the flying bicycle to the muscle driven aircraft. Deutsche Bergvierks, Ztg. 20th October, 1935.

E. Zaschka., Muscle powered flight without take-off appliance. Der Deutsche Sportflieger, Leipzig. No.10, Vol.2, October, 1935.

H. Gropp., Muscular flights storing of energy for take-off. Flugsport 27 No. 24, 27th November, 1935, p.562-564.

O.L. Skopik., The path to human powered flight. Volhischer Beobachter, Berlin. 19th November, 1935.

O. Ursinus., A normal braking wing for testing muscle aeroplane drive. Flugsport No.23, 13th November, 1935, p.350.

A. Lippisch., The choice of a propeller on the basis of measured results. Flugsport No.23, 13th November, 1935, p.331.

M. Tricot., Physiology and mechanical flight. L'Aerophile, 1 No.11, November, 1935, p.325/329.

F.L. Neher., Flying by means of human power. In: "Die Wunder des fliegens" p.690.

C. Pechsteins Verlag, Munich. 1936.

H.G. Schulze, W. Stiasny., Flug Durch Muskel Kraft. (Muscle powered flight.) Naturkunde and Technik. Verlag Fritz Knapp, Frankfurt.a.m. 1936.

What are the opinions on the bird man Clem Sohn? (Demonstrations on the 3rd May, 1936 in Hansworth, England), Les Ailes 14th May, 1936, p.9, The Aeroplane 6th May, 1936, p.245. Flight 7th May, 1935, p.477.

E.A. Muller., Die Giznstigsto Arbeitsgeschiaindig keit in Muskelkraftflugzeug. The optimum operating velocity in a muscle power aircraft. Luftfahrtmed. Abh. 1936-37 1, p.116-118.

Experiments made by Adolphe with a bicycle having a propeller attached in front. Les Ailes, Paris. 30th January, 1936, p.4.

Flights with muscle power by Kaiser (Czechoslovakia) who is alleged to have twice flown over the town of Plauschnitz. A crash landing. Flight, 9th January, 1936, p.37.

Human powered flight. Report on a lecture by Professor W. Schmeidler, Breslau, for the local Breslau group of the D.L.V. Deutsche Luftwacht Ausgabe, Luftwissen. 3 No.1, January, 1936.

Muscle flight experiments made by Karl Lange of Munich. Der Deutsche Sportflieger, Leipzig. No.1, Vol. 3, January, 1936.

W. Schmeidler., Possibility of human muscular flight. Air Min. Translation 298 from Luftfahrforschung 3 No.1, January, p.12-13.

Start of gliders by muscular power without the use of stored energy. Flugsport 28 No.4, 19th February, 1936, p.75-77.

Bibliography of articles and papers on muscular (flapping) flight from the Scientific and Technical Press. Issued by the Directorate of Scientific Research and Technical Development, Air Ministry (Prepared by R.T.P.) No.10, June, 1936.

H.H. Hartmann., Men are working for muscle powered flight.

C. Silva., Gli study sul volo muscolare. (The study of muscle powered flight in Italy) Mitteilungsblatt No.7 der Internationalen Studien Kommission fur den Motorlosen Flug, 1938, p.58.

H. Focke., The Focke helicopter. J. Roy. Aero. Soc., July, 1938.

A.V. Hill., The mechanical efficiency of frog's muscle. Proc. Roy. Soc., B127, 434-451) 1939.

S. Ruff, H. Strughold., Compendium of aviation medicine Chapter 4 p.120, Muscle power airplane. Copy held lay R.A.F. Inst. of Aviation Medicine Library.

H. Elftman., The work done by muscles in running. American Journal of Physiology 129, p.672-634, figs. refs.

C.A. Keopke, L.S. Whitson., Power and velocity developed in manual work. Mechanical Engineer, May, 1940, p.333-389.

P.V. Karpovich, K. Pestrecov Effect of gelatin upon muscular work in man. Amer. Journal Physiol., 134, 300-308, 1941.

A.S. Householder., muscular dynamics and muscular efficiency. Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 7 No.19 p.5, 25 ref.

E. Ricci., Dal Volo Animale Al Volo Musculare Umano (From Animal flight to human Muscle Flight). Editore Wrico Hoepti: Milan, Italy. 403, 410 illustrated.

P.J.H. Unna., Limits of effective human power. Nature, 19th October, 1946, p.560-561.

F.C. Smith., Mechanical properties of human bones. U.S. Nat. Bureau of Standards Lib. Tech. News Bull. 32 No.10, October, p.113-20. Also NBS Tech. Report No. 1258.

B. Worley., Can man fly? Aeronautics, February, 1948.

W.E. Hick., Wings for one. Aeronautics, 19, September, 1948, No.4, p.84.

W. W. Tuttle., Effect of physical training on capacity to do work as measured by the bicycle ergometer. Journal of Applied Physiology 28. p.393-398.

A.V. Hill., A discussion on muscular contraction and regulation: their physical and chemical basis. Proc. Roy. Soc. B137, 1950, p.40-87.

E. Mollard., Ailes naturelles et vol human. (Natural wings and human flight.) Librairies des Sciences Aeronauticlues. 1950.

E. Asmussen., Blood pyruvate and ventilation in heavy work. Acta physiol. Scand., 20, 1950, p.133-136.

D.R. Willie., The relation between force and velocity in human muscle. J. Physiol., 110, 249-280, 1950.

I.N. Vinogradov., The aerodynamics of soaring; bird flight. Aerodisamike Prits, Paritelie, 1951. (R.A.E. Library Translation No. 846, 1960.)

B.C. Abbott, B. Biglard, J. Ritchie The physiological cost of negative work. J. Physiol., 117, 1952, 380-390.

A.W. Raspet., Human muscle powered flight soaring 16, 1952, p.18-19.

P.O. Astrard., Experimental studies of physical working capacity in relation to sex and age. Ejnar Musksgaard, Copenhagen, 1952.

E.A. Bilodeau., Decrement and recovery from decrements in a single work task with variation in force requirments at different stages of practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44, 1952, p.96-100.

E.A. Bilodeau., Massing and spacing phenomena as functions of prolonged and extended practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44, 1952, p.108-113.

A. Raspet., Unsolved: the problem of Leonardo da Vinci, human muscle powered flight. Presented to Mississippi Academy of Science on 2nd May, 1952.

I.M.D. Bilodeau., Performance of an effortful task with variation in duration of prior practice and anticipated duration of present practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46, 1953, p.146-153.

D.R. Wilkie., Facts and theories about muscle. Progress in Biophysics 4, 1954, p.288-324.

Liberatore., Special types of rotary wing aircraft. PB 111633 U.S. Department of Commerce Office of Technical Services $3.50. Includes illustrations and details of various muscle powered aircraft.

R.G. Bannister, D.J.C. Cunningham., The effects on the respiration and performance during exercise of adding oxygen to the inspired air. Journal or Physiology, 125, 118-137, 1954.

E.A. Bilodeau., Rate recovery in a repetitive motor task as a function of successive rest periods. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 1951, p.197-203.

I.M.D. Bilodeau, E.A. Bilodeau., Some effects of work loading in a repetitive motor task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 104, p.455-467

B.S. Shenstone., Unusual aerodynamics CAI Log December, 1954, p.19. Review of the unresolved problems of low speed natural and pseudo-natural flight.

W.T. Dempster., The anthropometry of body action. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 63, 1955, p.559-585.

T. Nonweiler., The man powered aircraft; a preliminary assessment. College of Aeronautics Note No.45.

P.O. Astrand., Human physical fitness with special reference to sex and age. Psychological Reviews Supplement II 6, 1956, p.307-335.

R.G. Bannister., Muscular effort. Brit. Med. Bull., 12, 1956, p.222-225.

D.M. Needham., Energy production in muscle. Brit. Med. Bull., 12, 1956, p.194-193.

B.S. Shenstone., The problem of the very light weight highly-efficient aeroplane. Canadian Aeronautical Journal, March, 1956, p.83-90.

Thom, Lund and Todd., Efficiency of three-speed bicycle gears. Engineering, 20th July, 1956

T.R.F. Nonweiler., The air resistance of racing cyclists. College of Aeronautics. Report No. 106.

N.B. Slonim, D.G. Gillespie, W.H. Harold., Peak oxygen uptake of healthy young men as determined by a treadmill method. Journal of Applied Physiology, 10, p.401-404, 1957.

J.L. Robinson., An assessment of the performance, stability and control of a man powered aircraft. College of Aeronautics Thesis (Unpublished)

T.R.F. Nonweiler., The man propelled aircrafts a progress report. College of Aeronautics Report No.115.

J.G. Fletcher, H.F. Lewis, D.R. Wilkie., Photographic methods for estimating external lifting work in man. Ergonomics, 2, p.114-115, 1958.

T.R.F. Nonweiler., The work production of mans studies on racing cyclists. J. Physiol., 141, 8p., 1958.

E.S. Krendel., The mechanical power output of men. Final Technical Report on Contract No. 2180 (00), 92p., 62 refs. Report No. F-A1582. Library of Congress, microfilm $5.40, photostat 15.30 OTS No.PB 140,339. A scheme for designing man powered devices for optimal power transfer from the human operator to the mechanism is discussed. Data indicating the feasibility of such a design are presented. Such data as were available for unusually high as well as for average power production in cranking pedalling and other tasks are presented in a systematic fashion.

T.R.F. Nonweiler., Mann powered aircraft - design study. Roy. Aero. Soc. J. V.62.n.574, October, 1958, p.722-34.

E.S. Krendel., Man generated power. A.S.M.E. Prep. (59-A-190), 9pp., 1959.

D.R. Wilkie., The work output of animals flight by birds and by man power. Nature, 183, 1515-1516, 1959.

E.R. Kendall., Is man powered rotating wing flight a future possibility? J, Helicopter. Assoc. G.B.13, (2), 100-130, April, 1959.

B.S. Shenstone., Man powered aircraft. Shell Aviation News No.750, April, 1959, p.14-18.

C.H. Naylor., Is man powered rotating wing flight a future possibility? J. Helicopter. Assoc. G.B.13, (5), 294-304, October, 1959.

B.S. Shenstone., Man powered aircraft prototypes. The aeroplane, 30th October, 1959.

B.S. Shenstone, R.H. Whitby., Man powered helicopters. J. Helicopter. Assoc. G.B.13, (5), 305-315, October, 1959.

T.R.F. Nonweiler., Men will be birds. Aeronautics Vol-41, No.2, December, 1959, p.18-24.

T.R.F. Nonweiler., The fixed wing approach to man powered flight. The New Scientist Vol.6, No.162, p.1291-1293, December, 1959.

E. Hartman., Ornithopters. Pat. Spec., (851352), 4pp., 12th December, 1960, U.K.

D. Perkins., Man powered aircraft design. Lecture given to Man Powered Aircraft Group of the royal Aeronautical Society, 25th March, 1960.

A. Lippisch., Man powered flight in 1929. J. Roy. Soc., 64, (595), 395-398, July, 1960.

B.S. Shenstone., Man powered flight achieved in 1936? The Aeroplane and Astronautics, 19th August, 1960, p.228-229.

B.S. Shenstone., Engineering aspects in man powered flight. J. Roy. Aero. Soc., 54, (596), 471-477, August, 1960.

D.R. Wilkie., Man as an Aero Engine. Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, Vol.64, No.596, August, 1960, p.477-481.

T. Nonweiler., Man powered flight. Research Vol.XIII, No.II, November, 1960, p.436-40.

E. Bossi., A man has flown by his own power in 1937. Canadian Aeronautical Journal 6, No.10, p.395-399, December, 1960.

T.R.F. Nonweiler., Aerodynamic problems of man powered flight. Lecture given before the man powered aircraft group of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 9th December, 1960

L. Welch., Gliding and man powered flight. Lecture given before the man powered aircraft group of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 20th January, 1961.

J.W. Delter., Flying at nought feet. Aeronautics, February, 1961, p.34. A crop dusting pilot's report of low flying wind and weather conditions and their likely effect on muscle powered aircraft.

S.S. Wilson., Power transmission systems. Lecture given before the Man Powered Aircraft Group of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 17th March, 1961. Summary in 'Aeroplane', 6th April, 1961 , p.379.

B.S. Shenstone, Man powered aircraft. Air B.P. No.19.

B.S. Shenstone, Man powered flight: progress to date. Lecture to Graduates and Students Section, Royal Aeronautical Society, 12th April, 1961.

F. Villinger, Man powered fact and fancy. The Aeroplane, 6th April, 1961, p.378-9.